The male elephant is referred to as a bull, the female as a cow and the baby as a calf. But Male elephants will begin mating between the ages of 10 and 14 years, while the female elephant will begin to mate between the ages of 12 and 15 years.
After mating, the bull and cow elephants do not stay together, and the bull elephant will mate with several different females.
The female elephant normally gives birth to a single calf, although, she can have twins. They can give birth every five years, and continue to mate until about the age of fifty!
The female's pregnancy will last up to 23 months - much longer than other animals. Then when she feels it is the right time, she will create a large, sturdy nest, usually situated at the top of a large tree.
After a couple of days of nesting, she can produce an egg that can weigh anywhere from 200 to 320 pounds - that's nearly three times the weight of a 12-year-old girl!
It only takes several hours for the calf to hatch from its mother's egg, and will normally appear trunk first, so they can immediately sense their surroundings.
Then, within an hour of hatching, the newborn calf will be able to stand, and in another few hours they will even be able to walk!