You must keep your mice supplied with water at all times as they can deteriorate rapidly if left without, even over short periods of time. Check the nozzle of the water bottle everyday for any blockages and give them a clean to avoid build up of germs.
Mice would naturally forage for their food, and in the wild will eat things like seeds, grains and other plant material. There are pre-made rodent food mixtures that will be available at your local pet store, but be sure to check what's in the mixtures as you don't want to be feeding your mice anything that is high in fat. The mixtures normally consist of seeds, nuts and grains, however sunflower seeds and nuts are high in fat, so should only be given in moderation. Some mice have also been known to react badly to nuts.
You can give them a mixture of vegetables, in small quantities as an alternative to their own mixtures, and if you do give them some treats try hiding them in different places around their cage to encourage activity and their natural foraging behaviour. Natural treats can also be found in the pet shops, and should be healthy for them and not too high in fat.
You should feed your mice twice a day, giving a tablespoon of rodent mixture per mouse, morning and night. And if you choose to give your mice vegetables or other foods, only give these as an alternative to the seeds rather than feeding it to them as an extra. Mice can become fat very quickly so maintain a steady diet and don't over-feed them.
Good foods for mice
- Baby sweetcorn
- Uncooked pasta and rice
- Garden peas
Always wash fresh fruit and vegetables to get rid of any pesticides or other chemicals before you feed them to your mice.
Bad foods for mice
- Citrus fruits.
Always remove any leftover food from your mouse cage and food bowls, especially any fresh vegetables that may start to rot quickly. Replace with fresh foods each time you feed them.
If you are going to introduce new foods to your your pet's diet, then do this slowly as a big change can upset their digestive system. So any fruits and vegetables should be introduced in small quantities. Mice do not need cheese or dairy as part of their diet.
A gnawing block is something you should always have available in your mouse's cage, as their teeth continuously grow so they will need something to chew on to keep them trim!